India scripted a new chapter in the history of space exploration on Wednesday with the successful launch of a record 104 satellites+ by Isro’s Polar Satellite Launch
Vehicle (PSLV) in a single mission.
Out of the total 104 satellites placed in orbit, 101 satellites belonged to six foreign countries. They included 96 from the US and one each from Israel, the UAE, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Kazakhstan.
Russian Space Agency held a record of launching 37 satellites in one go during its mission in June 2014. India previously launched 23 satellites in a single mission in June 2015.
Upcoming ISRO Missions:
1. Chandrayaan-2 will be India’s second mission to the Moon which will include an orbiter and lander-rover module. Chandrayaan-2 will be launched on India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-MkII) around 2018- 2019 timeframe. The science goals of the mission are to further improve the understanding of the origin and evolution of the Moon.
2. Aditya Spacecraft: ISRO plans to carry out a mission to the Sun by the year 2019-20. The probe is named as Aditya-1 and will weigh about 400 kg. It is the First Indian based solar coronagraph to study solar corona in visible and near IR bands. Launch of the Aditya mission was planned during the high solar activity period in 2012 but was postponed to 2015–2016 due to the extensive work involved in the fabrication and other technical aspects . The main objective is to study the Coronal Missions Ejections (CME) and consequently the crucial physical parameters for space weather such as the coronal magnetic field structures, evolution of the coronal magnetic field etc. This will provide completely new information on the velocity fields and their variability in the inner corona having an important bearing on the unsolved problem of heating of the corona would be obtained.
4. South Asian satellite (previously known as SAARC satellite)
5. GSAT-6 / INSAT-4E The primary goal of GSAT-6/INSAT-4E, which is a Multimedia broadcast satellite, is to cater to the consumer requirements of providing entertainment and information services to vehicles through Digital Multimedia consoles and to the Multimedia mobile Phones. The satellite carries a 5 spot beam BSS and 5 spot beam MSS. It will be positioned at 83° East longitude with a mission life of 12 years.
6. GSAT-11: GSAT-11 is based on I-4K bus which is under advanced stage of development. The spacecraft can generate 10–12 KW of power and can support payload power of 8KW. The payload configuration is on-going. It consists of 16 spot beams covering entire country including Andaman & Nicobar islands. The communication link to the user-end terminals operate in Ku-band while the communication link to the hubs operate in Ka-band. The payload is configured to be operated as a high data throughput satellite, to be realised in orbit in 2017 time frame.